Three characteristics differentiate us from other built environment professionals like architects, urban designers, appraisers, engineers and planners.

  • An innovative, reliable and award winning spatial modeling methodology;
  • Extensive research and publication experience;
  • Cross-disciplinary knowledge.

These characteristics offer wide perspectives on problems and avoid surprises on the way to solutions.  It's useful if you're risk averse.

This approach captures the latent aspects of built environments that we often miss or ignore. Three variables, the body, the brain and the built, function as an imperfect system. The building's floors, doors, walls et cetera are there for the eyes to see.  The legs take the body and the brain through the built environment. The eyes and other senses send information to the brain's hippocampal region which tells the body where it is, where it was and where it can go.  Walking legs send impulses that generate brain cells.

How the brain responds to spatial patterns depends on their legibility and complexity.  Sometimes complexity is interesting. More complexity might be worth exploring. But a lot of complexity can be frustrating. Any complexity relating to fire exits is dangerous.  Different kinds of buildings and places require different levels of complexity.

Our methodology combines elements of neuroscience with geometry.  Using spatial intervals based on neuron firings when we walk, it measures complexity by decomposing the spatial configuration of movement surfaces into convex shape and linear shape intervals to form functional distance networks based on real or symbolic barriers, borders and direction changes. These can then be linked to vertical patterns such as façades.  This methodology is available for licensing to selected organizations.

These two simple layouts could be parts of an office or a street system.  They show two kinds of intervals, convex based on borders and lineal intervals based on moving forward. Linking the intervals makes networks that can be visually compared and analyzed with simple mathematics.  see publication

Two specialty malls, each about 300,000 SF leasable area.

The drawings show the ground floors and convex shape intervals of two specialty malls.  The networks show the sequence of convex shape intervals from the main entrance, The one on the right was so complex that no more than 30 percent leased out. It closed in less than two years to become the Happy Church.  see publication